Introduction of Fung Yuen
- Fung Yuen is situated about 2 kilometers from Tai Po Town Centre, it is a renowned area for appreciating butterflies in Hong Kong and Asia.
- As early as 1980, the 42 hectares of land in Fung Yuen Valley has been listed as a “Site of Special Scientific Interest”, with high conservation value.
- Statistics shows over 200 species of butterflies which accounts for over 80% of the total 239 species (in Hong Kong) have been recorded in Fung Yuen. Among them, over 130 species are uncommon/rare/very rare in Hong Kong.
- Aristolochia tagala (India Birthwort) and Illigera celebica (Illigera) are the larval food plants of Birdwing butterflies (Troides sp.) and White Dragontail respectively. Both plants can be found in Fung Yuen which is protected under the Forestry Regulations of the Forests and Countryside Ordinance.
- Fung Yuen has high ecological value of three major reasons:
Topography (geographic factors)
Fung Yuen Valley has its back facing the Cloudy Hill and all the streams feed directly to the valley itself. This provides the best environment for the natural habitats to flourish and adequate water supply for agricultural works. This has also contributed to the rich biodiversity on the land.
Fung Shui woods plant diversity (biological factors)
Fong Shui woodland is a typical aspect of a walled-village in Hong Kong. When villagers first started building their homes, they will always leave a large area of woodland behind the village, in the belief that it will make the place prosperous. Subsequently, villagers take an effort to protect the woodland and discourage visitors to enter. Minimized human activity in the woodland allows it to flourish peacefully, and a variety of plants and animals can be found.
Orchards and farming activities (humanity factors)
In the olden days, Fung Yuen Village is an agricultural site. Villagers had grown a variety of agricultural products including lychee, chinese cabbage, ginger lily, and banana. These products are also food for caterpillars and has historically benefited the rich variety of butterfly species in the area.